20080814

klaare lijn



3 kommentarer:

memory facsimile sa...

( on the loss of
referential profit )

by the word it ;
the thing, organism :
corpses, robots, zombies.
fit the occasion
of function,
in extent, ripe means
" maduro ", endgain
whereby figure emerges
organismic as outside --
pressing xample :
magic formula;
deform = mnajik
.
awareness per se
somewhere else
( someelse )
whair?
- innersplit -
one, two,
three.
.
zero ain't zero
unless empty
ain't empty.
_____________:____

mike cannell sa...

RoaR shaQ

troylloyd sa...

(pronounced ''raw-shock'')

Psychodiagnostik!
Rorschach®

In 1917 Rorschach discovered the work of Szyman Hens, who had studied the fantasies of his subjects using inkblot cards.

In 1918 Rorschach began his own experiments with 15 accidental inkblots, showing the blots to patients and asking them, "What might this be?" Their subjective responses enabled him to distinguish among his subjects on the basis of their perceptive abilities, intelligence, and emotional characteristics.

The Rorschach test is based on the human tendency to project interpretations and feelings onto ambiguous stimuli, in this case, inkblots. From these cues trained observers are supposed to be able to pinpoint deeper personality traits and impulses in the person taking the test.

Rorschach published the results of his studies on 300 mental patients and 100 normal subjects in Psychodiagnostik (1921; Psychodiagnostics).

The book attracted little attention before Rorschach died the next year, but his method has since been widely adopted as a tool for psychological evaluation and diagnosis.


Did you mean thematic apperception test ?

NO. i meant klecksographie.

ohokay :

Moving towards the Other
Helge Malmgren, MD, PhD; Dept of Philosophy, Göteborg University, S-412 98 Göteborg, Sweden
Recent careful research on mental development in the child (Meltzoff & Moore 1995) has shown beyond much doubt that the capacity to perceive and imitate the actions of others is innate. It has been suggested that this capacity to imitate involves an "amodal" perception in which visual information about another organism is immediately transformed into a motor schema in the perceiving subject. Hence one might talk about a mechanism of immediate motor identification. In this paper I point to a number of antecedents of this idea and to some of its psychological and philosophical implications.

One important early application of the idea of an immediate motor identification is found in the works of Hermann Rorschach (Rorschach 1921), who describes a category of inkblot interpretations based on "kinesthetic imagery". These interpretations are variously labelled "kinesthetic responses" or "movement responses" (although they need not involve movement). Abstracting from the associationist psychology in terms of which Rorschach uses to express his ideas, it is clear that he was conceiving these responses in terms of an immediate motor identification.

Among philosophers, Maurice Merleau-Ponty (Merleau-Ponty 1945) also makes the observation that imitation involves a capacity for immediate motor identification. Indeed, his concept of body image is defined in terms of the capacity to translate motor schemata between different possible action perspectives. This capacity corresponds to the "amodal" perception postulated by recent theorists. It is well known that Merleau-Ponty stresses the point that our mastering of action schemata is primary to our knowledge of objective ("Cartesian") space. Taken together, his arguments imply that our knowledge of other minds may be prior to our knowledge of objective space (cf. Malmgren 1976).

In the developmental psychology of Heinz Werner (Werner 1961), it is emphasised that human beings (and especially children) tend to perceive not only living beings, but also inanimate objects, in terms of motor identifications. Trees are seen as literally standing or bending, etc. According to Werner (and the so-called "percept-genetic school" which builds upon his works) this tendency towards a generalised "physiognomic" perception remains operative at a subconscious level even in mature perception. Klaus Conrad describes (Conrad 1961) how such latent physiognomic perception surfaces abundantly in the prodromal stage of confusion ("clouded consciousness").

It is clear that the concept of immediate motor identification has important bearings for any systematic theory of perception. From an ecological point of view, such a mechanism would serve an important function in terms of the ability to quickly predict future positions of an aggressor, a prey or a potential mate (J.J. Gibson 1979). Looking instead at computational models of perception, many of these hypothesise a mechanism for immediate translations between an egocentric and an object-centered space (Kosslyn 1994). The findings about immediate motor identifications implies that there is also a general ability to make translations between these spaces and an other-centered (allocentric) space (or several such spaces), which like the egocentric one is perceptually prior to the apprehension of object-centered space.


Did you mean a longitudinal pilot study of the Rorschach as a neuropsychological instrument ?

NO. i meant blotto.

ohokay :

uhoh, blocked =
From this page, you will be able to access or download full text papers and other Rorschach stuff of a specialist character. All the material which you can reach from this page is for professional people only, and is therefore password protected. To get the password, send me a mail and describe your qualifications.

Qualifications ?

Did you mean an idea of a movement response in the light of recent philosophy and psychology of perception?

NO. i meant inkblot symmetry.

ohokay :

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rorschach.test.at/ - 48k - Cached - Similar pages - Note this

Note this ?

NO. not that, i meant Watchmen.

ohokay :

The Rorschach is currently the second most commonly used test in forensic assessment, after the MMPI, and has been employed in diagnosing underlying thought disorder and differentiating psychotic from nonpsychotic thinking in cases where the patient is reluctant to openly admit to psychotic thinking.

A common misconception of the Rorschach test is that its interpretation is based primarily on the contents of the response- what the examinee sees in the inkblot. In fact, the contents of the response are only a comparatively small portion of a broader cluster of variables that are used to interpret the Rorschach data.

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(cluster)

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